Cele mai sofisticate Karakuri au fost create in perioada Edo folosindu-se cunostinte mecanice de orologerie importate din Vest.
The mechanical clock, in whose perfection the scientists and craftsmen of the 17th century invested so much energy, was the most suitable analogue to natural / mental / social processes for more than one reason. A clock is a machine that, once wound, work of itself. Its work is not a work on something. Its work is performed by the very regularity of its motion. So also does the Universe. The mechanical clock, which became the handiest example of the superiority of European culture over others, was also the supreme example of knowledge-by-construction. The knowledge of its construction is identical with the knowledge of its reconstruction. The Chinse and Japanese, who lacked this knowledge, were incapable of repairing the European clocks of which they were so fond and which they imported in ever-growing numbers in the 17th century. This may have led the authors of the Logique du Porte-Royale* to another famous simile. A Chinese Aristotelian, given a clock, will attribute its regular beats to its “sonorific quality”.
…si cand te gandesti ca cele mai sofisticate Karakuri si, implicit, corespondentele lor europene, automatele, functionau fara electricitate.
* Antoine Arnauld & Pierre Nicole – jansenisti, membri ai comunitatii de la Port-Royal.