Tag Archives: USA

Saskia Sassen – The Future of Smart Cities [2011]

Problema orasului in crestinism…. Ntzntantz, spinoasa rau. Odata cu implementarea acestui sistem religios, orasele Imperiului au inceput sa decada big time. Crestinismul este prin definitie anti-urban. Sentimentul, cultivat de Parintii greci si latini pana la saturare, a persistat pana prin sec. XVI, cand Calvin, in ale sale Insistutio Christianae religionis, inca scria:

“Go through the city streets; you are subject to as many dangers* as there are tiles on the roofs!”

Analizele cercetatoarei olandeze mi se par fantastice. Faptul ca bagam tehnologie cat incape in oras(e)** asta nu inseamna ca le si transformam in adevarate urbae. Dimpotriva…

La un moment dat Sassen vorbeste despre o platforma petroliera transformata in oras.

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* Prin dangers erau intelese aici pericolele spirituale.

** Peste 2000 sunt integrate in proiectul IBM: Smarter Cities.

Pour John Lobb

Citeam intr-un articol:

Whereas the term mechanic (or industrial, or practical) arts calls to mind men with soiled hands tinkering at workbenches, technology conjures clean, well-educated, white male technicians in control booths watching dials, instrument panels, or computer monitors. […] This dispassionate word technology, with its synthetic patina, its lack of a physical or sensory referent, its aura of sanitized, bloodless, disembodied  cerebration and precision,  has eased the induction of what had been the mechanic arts – now practiced by engineers – into the precincts of the finer arts and higher learning.*

Dap, cine vrea sa aiba de-a face cu un obiect atins de o fiinta mizera, mustind de transpiratie, cu lenjeria intima plina de tot felul de scurgeri, cu ceara in urechi si muci in nas, cu un vocabular ce huleste Creatorul chiar si cand sopteste rugaciuni?!

Aceasta este, in general, imaginea fiintei umane in teologia reformata**. Astfel, nu e de mirare ca in tarile cu background puritan – U.S.A., Elvetia – tehnologia si arta mecanismului pur care se misca fara interventie umana (vezi orologeria) au avut si au un astfel de avant. Poate ca, pe termen lung, acesta sa fie si motivul pentru care productia de bunuri de consum s-a mutat si se muta overseas, cei din “tarile civilizate” producand din ce in ce mai mult doar servicii. From their clean offices.

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* Leo Marx – Technology: The Emergence of a Hazardous Concept, Technology and Culture, Volume 51, Number 3, July 2010.

** Imagine pe care, recunosc, o impartasesc in mare masura.

Eliel Saarinen

…si spunea:

“Always design a thing by considering it in its next larger context – a chair in a room, a room in a house, a house in an environment, an environment in a city plan.”

The Impact of Building on Behavior and vice versa.

MIT’s Kresge Auditorium & Chapel

North Christian Church Sanctuary Model

Chapel Interior at Drake University

First Christian Church, Columbus, Indiana, U.S.

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Eliel Saarinen – The Search for Form in Art and Architecture.

First Christian Church – Columbus, Indiana.