Tag Archives: Monahism

Jacopo Torriti

Nunta din Cana. Fresca, aprox. 1290. Biserica mare a Sf. Francisc din Assisi

Arta romana si cea toscano-venetiana din cadrul Renasterii timpurii (secolele XII – XIII) este astazi aproape in intregime disparuta. Cu foarte putine exceptii, ciclurile in fresca, mozaicurile basilicale sau icoanele portabile (multe dintre acestea prezente si in destule capele private), au cunoscut o distrugere sistematica incepand cu a a doua jumatate a sec. al XIV  – cand perioada clasica si o anumita recuperare a naturalismului antic devine noul punct de referinta. Din acel moment, picturile pe care multi dintre vajnicii nostri ortodocsi le-ar numi bizantine, devin fuori moda, expresii a unei totale lipse de gust estetic, a oricarui raport cu lumea sensibila, naturala.

Artistii ce vor fi prezentati in “E” apartin secolelor XIII – XIV in special, dar nu numai, ei provenind cu totii, fara nici o exceptie, din spatiul occidental.

Jacopo Torriti sau Turriti, religios franciscan tertiar dupa cate se pare, activ la cumpana dintre sec. XIII – XIV.

Prea multe detalii despre viata Maestrului nu se cunosc. Se stie doar ca era toscan de origine, mai precis din Torrita di Siena. Cunoscut ca mozaicar, frescar si iconar, lucrarile sale – atatea cate au mai ramas – se pot admira in basilici ca S. Maria Maggiore, S. Giovanni in Laterano, in muzeul din Grenoble, S. Maria in Trastevere sau Baptisteriul din Florenta. Printre operele distruse se numara si un mozaic pentru mormantul Papei Bonifaciu VIII (1296).

Portret idealizat al marelui artist medieval. Sala primariei din Torrita

Noe isi construeste arca. Fresca, aprox. 1290. Biserica mare a Sf. Francisc din Assisi

Arhanghel. Fresca, aprox. 1290. Biserica mare a Sf. Francisc din Assisi

Incoronarea Mariei. Mozaic. Absida S. Maria Maggiore, Roma.

Geneza

Crearea Evei

Figura lui Isus. Fresca, aprox. 1290. Biserica mare a Sf. Francisc din Assisi

Ioan Botezatorul si Maria adorand Crucea. Absida, S. Giovanni in Laterano. Sec. XIII

Sf. Lucia. Tempera pe lemn atribuita lui Torriti. Parte dintr-un triptic ce provine din biserica manastirii Santa Lucia in Selci din Roma. Personajul ingenunchiat la picioarele sfintei este Angela Cerroni, membra a inaltei aristocratii sezzezine. Locatia: Musée de Grenoble.

Thomas Merton

Albumul Hidden Wholeness: The Visual World of Thomas Merton este rodul colaborarii dintre monahul trapist si John Howard Griffin.

Thomas Merton’s approach to photography is truly personal, lay in his use of his lenses primarly as contemplative instruments… Thomas Merton published few of his photographs. But in the last three ears of his life, when he photographed steadily, he buit up a large archive. From his negatives, I have selected, whenever possible, those photographs that Merton had marked as coming closest to what he hoped to convey through the visual image

scrie Griffin in prefata la albumul mai sus mentionat. Si continua (sublinierile imi apartin):

… Merton’s extraordinary personality permeated his works. To understand anything about this personality, popular pietistic images about contemplatives have to be discarded. Merton was a mystic and a poet, with an ability to see many facets of the same object and to combine within himself seeming opposites. He was simultaneously a man of profound discipline and astonishing freedom; a man who expressed himself eloquently concerning the spiritual life but who kept his own secret prayer private; a man of profound religious abandonment who refused to veil his humanity in the gauze of pietism; a man of the intellect who relished the simplest of manual labor. He combined strength and toughness with a faultless courtesy to others. He possessed a high sense of humor and showed great personal warmth in his relations with others, but had not time to waste on what he called “silliness” or “foolishness” and could terminate such encounters with masterful tact. He would not wear religious masks or pretend, for anyone’s edification, to be other than what he was: a man whose interior life was not for display and who was not going to act out anyone else’s version of what a contemplative should be.

Thomas Merton si Jacques Maritain.

Fotografiati de John Howard Griffin in octombrie 1966

Pentru cei ce doresc intregul album, aici.