Tag Archives: Germania

Sorgemusik över Gustav III

Mort la numai 36 de ani, Joseph Martin Kraus ar fi implinit in acest an frumoasa si quasi-biblica varsta de 255 de ani. Nu a fost sa fie… A trecut la cele presupus-vesnice doar la cateva luni dupa Regele sau, Gustav al III-lea – marele monarh suedez, iubitor de arta, spada si mana de fier. La inmormantarea acestui Rege a fost interpretata o simfonie funebra compusa de Kraus – din care puteti asculta cateva extrase mai jos. Ironically enough, respectiva compozitie a fost si ultima care a iesit de sub pana compozitorului german.

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Samuel Capricornus

345 de ani de la moartea unui compozitor magnific, dar atat de putin cunoscut / ascultat astazi: Samuel Capricornus.

Cateva date biografice:

S-a nascut in 1628 la Žercice. Copil inca, a trebuit sa paraseasca locurile natale, impreuna cu familia, din cauza persecutiilor religioase dezlantuite de Habsburgi impotriva protestantilor – lucrurile fiind cu atat mai grave cu cat tatal sau era pastor. A studiat teologia la Sopron, dobandind si o foarte solida educatie umanista (limbi clasice). De o imensa eruditie muzicala, a devenit pe rand cantor la Gimnaziul luteran din Bratislava, director muzical la biserica S. Treimi din acelasi oras si Kappelmeister la curtea din Württemberg, Stuttgart. Daca viata sa privata nu a fost una tocmai pe roze – bolnav tot timpul, nevasta nebuna etc. – compozitiile sale muzicale au devenit celebre nu doar in biserici, ci si in randul editorilor. Capricornus a fost unul dintre foarte putinii compozitori ai caror lucrari au continuat sa fie tiparite si dupa moarte – ceea ce in contextul sec. al XVII era extrem de rar.

A murit la Stuttgart in 1665, lasand in urma peste 400 de compozitii.

Annibale Padovano

Un compozitor superb, descoperit recent de lanternativistul vostru incoerent. Annibale Padovano, de la moartea caruia se implinesc si ceva ani care se termina in 5, a fost un compozitor si organist italian aciuat la curtea lui Carol al II-lea, impreuna cu Orlando di Lasso.

Prea multe detalii despre viata lui Annibale nu se cunosc, iar Dictionarul Grove nu ajuta nici el prea mult. Cateva extrase din articolul dedicat padovanului puteti citi mai jos:

(Padua, 1527 – Graz 1575). He was an organist at S Marco, Venice, from 30 November 1552 until 2 August 1565. On 1 August 1545 he became organist at the court of Archduke Karl II of Austria in Graz. Shortly before 1570 he assumed the title of director of music. His book of ricercares, published in 1556, brings together for the first time most of the stylistic elements of the mature Venetian ricercare: a dignified and homogeneous level of rhythmic activity; diatonic, largely conjunct thematic material; the linking of thematic material by means of subtle motivic interconnection and variation; the variation of thematic material by constant rhythmic permutation and by learned devices (augmentation, diminution, inversion and stretto). Padovano was also a master of the toccata: he may have been the first composer to expand the form and make it more important. In 1568 – together with Lassus – he composed much of the music for the wedding of Duke Wilhelm V of Bavaria to Renata of Lorraine. His eight-part instrumental battaglia was performed on this occasion; also probably performed were a 12-part instrumental work (lost) and a 24-voice mass. He probably also composed music for the wedding between Archduke Karl and Mary of Bavaria, in Vienna on 26 August 1571; a letter from the duke of Mantua to Hippolito Nuvolono of Graz, dated 19 September 1571, speaks of a Dialogo a 7 composed by Padovano in honour of the couple.

Am subliniat in textul de mai sus Messa deoarece, dupa ce a fost  interpretata la nunta lui Wilhelm V, duce de Bavaria (educat la iezuiti, trebuie mentionat!) cu Renata von Lothringen, a cazut in uitare, ea fiind cantata a doua oara dupa mai bine de 400 de ani, in 2000.

Kyrie:

Gloria:

Agnus Dei:

___________

De sunteti curiosi, mormantul minimalist al Renatei.

Pina Bausch – Kontakthof [2000]

Pina Bausch, in 2009, a schimbat o scena cu o alta.

The performers, all aged between 65 and 75, enact mating rituals and sexual frenzy apparently more suited to those less than half their ages. When Pina Bausch revived her seminal 1978 dance piece in 2000 she opted to use a cast of seniors, previously untrained in stage dancing, with stunning, if sometimes uncomfortable results.

… si spunea:

I’m not interested in how people move; I’m interested in what makes them move.

DVD-ul in editia franceza este acompaniat de un volum in patru limbi (engleza, franceza, italiana, germana) cu interviuri, bla-bla etc. Mai multe info si achizitionare, aici.