Tag Archives: Catolicism

Le vœu de Louis XIII

In 1638, cu doar cativa decenii inaintea Declaratiei clerului francez privind relatia dintre Franta si Papalitate (1682), Louis al XIII-lea inchina Franta Mariei – o practica deloc straina si spatiilor crestinismului rasaritean.

In 2007 aparea un superb album-compilatie dedicat acestui moment:

Albumul contine o suita de autori putin cunoscuti iubitorilor perioadei baroce, printre care putem mentiona pe insusi Imparatul Louis al XIII-lea, Nicolas Formé sau Etienne Moulinié.

Etienne Moulinié – Fulcite me floribus:

Louis XIII – Tu crois, ô beau soleil:

Nicolas Formé – Ecce tu pulchra es:

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Un articol dedicat evenimentului amintit mai sus (in fr.).

Annibale Padovano

Un compozitor superb, descoperit recent de lanternativistul vostru incoerent. Annibale Padovano, de la moartea caruia se implinesc si ceva ani care se termina in 5, a fost un compozitor si organist italian aciuat la curtea lui Carol al II-lea, impreuna cu Orlando di Lasso.

Prea multe detalii despre viata lui Annibale nu se cunosc, iar Dictionarul Grove nu ajuta nici el prea mult. Cateva extrase din articolul dedicat padovanului puteti citi mai jos:

(Padua, 1527 – Graz 1575). He was an organist at S Marco, Venice, from 30 November 1552 until 2 August 1565. On 1 August 1545 he became organist at the court of Archduke Karl II of Austria in Graz. Shortly before 1570 he assumed the title of director of music. His book of ricercares, published in 1556, brings together for the first time most of the stylistic elements of the mature Venetian ricercare: a dignified and homogeneous level of rhythmic activity; diatonic, largely conjunct thematic material; the linking of thematic material by means of subtle motivic interconnection and variation; the variation of thematic material by constant rhythmic permutation and by learned devices (augmentation, diminution, inversion and stretto). Padovano was also a master of the toccata: he may have been the first composer to expand the form and make it more important. In 1568 – together with Lassus – he composed much of the music for the wedding of Duke Wilhelm V of Bavaria to Renata of Lorraine. His eight-part instrumental battaglia was performed on this occasion; also probably performed were a 12-part instrumental work (lost) and a 24-voice mass. He probably also composed music for the wedding between Archduke Karl and Mary of Bavaria, in Vienna on 26 August 1571; a letter from the duke of Mantua to Hippolito Nuvolono of Graz, dated 19 September 1571, speaks of a Dialogo a 7 composed by Padovano in honour of the couple.

Am subliniat in textul de mai sus Messa deoarece, dupa ce a fost  interpretata la nunta lui Wilhelm V, duce de Bavaria (educat la iezuiti, trebuie mentionat!) cu Renata von Lothringen, a cazut in uitare, ea fiind cantata a doua oara dupa mai bine de 400 de ani, in 2000.

Kyrie:

Gloria:

Agnus Dei:

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De sunteti curiosi, mormantul minimalist al Renatei.

Richelieu & Mazarin

De pe patul de moarte, Richelieu ii scrie lui Mazarin numindu-l succesorul sau. Scrisoarea a fost publicata de Saint-Simone in Memoriile sale (tom. 11, note II):

Ducele-cardinal de Richelieu pe patul de moarte

Monsieur,

La providence de Dieu, qui prescrit des limites à la vie de tous les hommes, m’ayant fait sentir en cette dernière maladie que mes jours étoient comptés; qu’il a tiré de moi tous les services que je pouvois rendre au monde, je ne le quitte qu’avec regret de n’avoir pas achevé les grandes choses que j’avois entreprises pour la gloire de mon roi et de ma patrie. Mais, parce qu’il nous faut soumettre aux lois qu’il nous impose, je bénis cette sagesse infinie et je reçois l’arrêt de ma mort avec autant de constance que j’ai de joie de voir le soin qu’elle prend de m’en consoler. Comme le zèle que j’ai toujours eu pour l’avantage de la France a fait mes plus solides contentements, j’ai un extrême déplaisir de la laisser sans l’avoir affermie par une paix générale. Mais, puisque les grands services que vous avez déjà rendus à l’État me font assez connoître que vous serez capable d’exécuter ce que j’avois commencé, je vous remets mon ouvrage entre les mains, sous l’aveu de notre bon maître, pour le conduire à sa perfection, et je suis ravi qu’il recouvre en votre personne plus qu’il ne sauroit perdre en la mienne. Ne pouvant, sans faire tort à votre vertu, vous recommander autre chose, je vous supplierai d’employer les prières de l’Église pour celui qui meurt,

Monsieur,

Votre très humble serviteur,

ARMAND, cardinal-duc de Richelieu.

Acum, unde este inmormantat Mazarin? Mormantul sau se afla in fosta capela a Collège des Quatre-Nations, actualul Institut de France, capela fiind transformata de catre Antoine Vaudoyer in sala de sedinte.

Mai multe imagini si info, aici.

Regii taumaturgi (XIV) – Music for Philip II

Aparator darz al catolicismului, oponent ferm al protestantismului si stapanitorul unuia dintre cele mai mari Imperii din istorie, Philip al II-lea nu a reusit sa puna o stavila expansiunii protestante.

Se pare ca Philip avea niste gusturi excelente in materie de vesminte, el atragand atentia si invidia nu doar celor de-un rang cu dansul, ci si ambasadorilor vremii. Printre accesoriile cele mai importante ale timpului era si armura – care nu era folosita doar in razboi, ci si in cadrul intalnirilor oficiale, a turnirurilor, a intrarilor solemne in vreun oras etc.

The emperor had a particular fondness for decorated armor, and the greatest craftsmen in this field, in Italy, Germany, and Spain, flourished under his patronage. The rich treasure of arms and armor made for Charles and Philip was put in the Madrid Royal Armory, which was built by Philip in I565 to glorify the memory of his father. The size of the collection makes one wonder how one person, even a king or an emperor, could need so many suits of armor.

Mai jos puteti admira cateva piese ce au apartinut suveranului spaniol:

Si cateva piese apartinand lui Cristobal de Morales, compozitor renascentist spaniol. Respectiva interpretare a Requiem-ului sau de catre Gabrielli Consort este considerata a fi o adevarata capodopera.

Even by Paul McCreesh’ high standards, this recording is a marvel. The generous acoustics, the bass-heavy chorus, and the dark accompaniment of a Spanish dulcian (called Bajon) create the hair-rising sonority that is so symbolic of the profundity of death.

Asadar, sa inchinam un pahar Mortii, fata de care nici o armura nu ne poate apara.

Psalm 94:

Requiem aeternam:

Benedictus:

Mai multe info despre album, aici.

Regii taumaturgi (XI) – Celestiall Witchcraft

Celestiall Witchcraft. The Private Music of Henry and Charles, Princes of Wales.

Foarte faina o definitie oferita muzicii in carticica de prezentare a acestui album – pe care o puteti descarca, de sunteti amatori de mai multe detalii, de aici:

Music, the celestial art highest above the dark forces.

Ca multe alte compilatii, si acest CD contine o multime de compozitori mai putin cunoscuti. Dintre ei am ales doi: John Coprario si William Lawes.

Un articol interesant care arata pasiunea Printului Henry de Wales pentru muzica (a se vedea si interesantul Appendix IV – Music in memory of Prince Henry):